The regulation to be adopted following consultation will enable Québec to implement its carbon market as early as January 1, 2012. The first year will be transitional in nature, allowing emitters and market participants to familiarize themselves with how the system will work. They will be able to register as system users, take part in pilot project auctions and buy/sell greenhouse gas emission allowances through the market. This phase will also enable partners to make any required fine-tuning in order to make a smooth transition to their obligations under the cap-and-trade system that will come into force on January 1, 2013.
Industrial facilities that emit 25,000 or more tons of carbon dioxide equivalent annually will be subject to the system for capping and reducing their emissions.
The draft regulation is available here.